Sometimes the monotony of daily life wears us down. Haven’t all of us thought about retiring young and spending the rest of our lives engaging in what we believe to be our life’s true calling, whether that be exploring the world, growing vegetables, engaging in the arts, or perhaps just leading a quiet, peaceful life in the region of the world we adore the most? All that is required is an early start and a solid pension and retirement plan with smart investments like ULIPs.
A more flexible approach may be to question, “How many decades of autonomy can I finance for my 40-year-old self, and how much must I invest?”
Giving this some serious thought is arguably the most crucial thing you can do to achieve financial independence after 40. Do you intend to establish your own business? Do you wish to relaunch your career after taking time off to explore the world? Or do you prefer to return to your hometown to cut living expenses and start a freelance business? The essential thing is that it can enable you to more clearly identify a realistic objective and, as a result, take into account the range of expenses to budget for.
Distinguish between wants, wishes and needs, and decide which of your expenditures you’d like to keep when your income at 40 is predicted to be smaller and less stable. The best place to begin is by tracking your current monthly spending. If you utilise a financial planning app that uses the framework of an account aggregator to track and classify your expenses across all of your bank accounts, you can automate this process. Also, factor in additional life stage-related costs, such as those associated with new dependents or health concerns.
The need to start early
An illustrative example will drive home this point more effectively. You can obtain Rs 10 lakhs at the age of 65 if we assume you started investing a monthly premium of Rs 300 at 25 in an extensive pension plan at 8% interest. However, if you delay this decision of investment for 10 more years and start investing the same amount by the age of 35, the return amount will reduce to 4,40,000 when you are 65 years old and at the same rate of interest. Therefore, one can actually double the returns by investing early.
In addition to the aforementioned aspect, we should estimate our projected financial needs after retirement, taking into account those of our dependents, before finalising a plan. Then, we should consider the other income streams that will enable us to cover these costs. With these elements taken into consideration, we can determine the quantity of consistent income we would require from the scheme we are participating in and make investments in accordance with this perspective.
It is tough! If a person wishes to live the remainder of his life (supposedly till 80) solely by his savings, having no other source of income, they would have to pay a monthly premium of Rs 60,000 that would step up by almost 15% annually. There should be no room for fallacy; it can only be achieved hypothetically.
In addition, India’s average life expectancy rose to sixty-nine years in the last year from only sixty-one years in 2000. Access to improved healthcare will increase this and bring it nearer to the average age of about eighty years in industrialised nations. For most middle-income households, it isn’t easy to plan for forty years of independence if one wishes to retire and rely on their savings.
An intelligent strategy for approaching superannuation is to adopt a flexible mindset because these variables have the potential to alter significantly over several decades and potentially shatter your expectations. Simply set aside money for as many decades as possible to finance your economic freedom in case something goes wrong. Of course, delaying your plan for early retirement for a few more years won’t hurt.
Unit-linked insurance plans are always considered viable options if you are seriously looking to build wealth while keeping your family financially secure in your working years. You can use a ULIP calculator to estimate the returns (always be conservative with the rates) online. ULIPs give you decent life coverage throughout the policy tenure and invest the premium (after deducting applicable charges) into market-linked instruments. You can choose the funds to invest in and switch them periodically to maximise your returns. They can help you amass a large corpus if you start early at 25 and invest a handsome amount yearly.
In conclusion, although retirement at 40 may seem superficial at this moment, you may still consider various pension plans and smart investments like ULIPs to plan for early retirement.