Deep brain stimulation (DBS) is a neurosurgical operation that requires the placement of electrodes in particular areas of the brain. It is used to treat a broad range of neurological symptoms that may be debilitating. Parkinson’s disease, essential tremor, dystonia, epilepsy, Tourette syndrome, obsessive-compulsive disorder, and chronic pain are among the neurological disorders that can be treated with Deep brain stimulation. A neurostimulator, also known as a deep brain stimulator, can be used to provide electrical stimulation to the brain’s movement-controlling areas.
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved deep brain stimulation therapy for vital tremors and Parkinson’s disease in 1997 after it was first initiated in 1987.
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Although deep brain stimulation is effective in the vast majority of cases, it can have severe risks and side effects. This is the main reason why deep brain stimulation is prescribed to patients whose symptoms have not progressed by medicines.
Before implementing deep brain stimulation therapy, the neurosurgeon uses magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or computed tomography (CT) scans to pinpoint the precise location within the brain where electrical nerve impulses trigger the symptoms. Microelectrode recording (a small wire that observes the movement of nerve cells in the target area) can be used by many doctors to more accurately and precisely locate the brain target that will be stimulated during treatment.
The permanent electrodes can be inserted in the target areas in a variety of ways after the targets in the brain have been identified. Extensions (a thin insulated wire) are attached to the stimulator from the implanted electrodes. Some stitches under the skin of the head, neck, and shoulder allow these extensions to pass through. A deep brain stimulator, similar to a pacemaker, is a battery-operated medical device. It is placed near the collarbone or in the chest under the skin.
In the last decade, Turkey has been one of the fastest-growing medical tourism destinations. Brain stimulation treatment in Turkey is very affordable as compared to other western countries.
The cost of deep brain stimulation varies by country and is determined by several factors, including the surgeon’s experience, the standard or brand of stimulator used, the type of hospital, and the overall length of stay. Still, the average cost of deep brain stimulation in turkey is USD 35,000.
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